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Effects of aerobic exercises in the management of subjects with chronic depression

Valeti Ashok Kumar 1*, Singam Siva Shankar 2

Abstract


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: low mood and state of aversion to activity is generally called as depression that can affect person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of wellbeing. There are many ways to reduce the depression like pharmacological agents like anti-depressants and complementary therapies such as physical activity, exercise, modification of life style and dietary habits. Aerobic exercises usually change the brain activity and induce relaxation which may relieve depression and anxiety. The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of aerobic exercises along with Anti depressive therapy and Anti depressive therapy only in subjects with chronic depression.Aim of the study is to know the effects of aerobic exercises on subjects with chronic depression.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of aerobic exercises along with anti-depressant          therapy and anti-depressant therapy only in subjects with chronic depression.

METHODOLOGY: 60 subjects with chronic depression were selected and randomly divided into two groups. Experimental group received aerobic exercises along with anti-depressant therapy and controlled group received anti-depressant therapy only.

OUTCOME MEASURES: Pre and Post treatment values of depression were analyzed by using Hamilton depression rating scale.

RESULTS: The results of this study were showing an extremely significant improvement in the overall depression levels in combination therapy group when compared to anti-depression therapy alone when assessed with Hamilton depression rating scale (P <0.0001).

CONCLUSION: In this comparative study aerobics with anti-depressive therapy is more effectively improving depression when compared with anti-depressive therapy only.


Keywords


Chronic depression; Aerobics; Hamilton Depression Rating Scale

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